28th Ji.hlava International Documentary Film Festival

ji-hlavadok-revuecdfEmerging producersInspiration Forum


director: Franz Milec
original title: Perplexity
country: Czech Republic, Italy
year: 2023
running time: 4 min.


We see the liminal spaces of abandoned offices and adjacent corridors through the eyes of the one who is at home in them – a robotic vacuum cleaner. Its wanderings, punctuated by close-ups of materials or digital surfaces, provide an opportunity for borderline empathy with something that, like us, is looking for a way out. Meanwhile, electronic music, permeated by the fragile vocals of Václav Peloušek, embraces the office furniture in an almost redemptive gesture.

“Perplexity asks its viewers to seek solidarity with a non-human person. … Utilizing a distinctive blend of animation techniques in Unity3D, coupled with AI style transfer, Perplexity boasts a unique visual style to mirror its premise. The film is a journey that traverses the non-human condition, as seen from a non-human perspective.”


Franz Milec (born 1993) is a Slovak experimental filmmaker and media artist. He graduated from the Centre of Audiovisual Studies at FAMU. Ji.hlava IDFF discovered him during his studies and presented several films, with the latest one, Abstract Horror (2019), receiving a special mention in the Fascination: Exprmntl.cz section.

more about film

director: Franz Milec
producer: Franz Milec
Ministerstvo kultury
Fond kinematografie
Město Jihlava
Kraj Vysočina
Creative Europe Media
Česká televize
Český rozhlas