28th Ji.hlava International Documentary Film Festival

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Early Superimpositions

Early Superimpositions

director: Frederick S. Armitage
original title: Early Superimpositions
country: United States
year: 1900
running time: 1 min.


Three experimental shorts by the father of the special effects, Frederick Armitage, were created by layering two negatives into one frame. These fantastic and spectral films are characterised by exaggeration, humour and ease, reminding us of the inherently playful beginnings of the cinematography.


Frederick S. Armitage (1874–1933) was an American cinematographer and director, working for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company and later for Edisonʼs company. At the end of the 19th century he tried to combine film with sound and he also experimented with creating one frame from several negatives.

more about film

director: Frederick S. Armitage
Ministerstvo kultury
Fond kinematografie
Město Jihlava
Kraj Vysočina
Creative Europe Media
Česká televize
Český rozhlas